Composting is the decomposition or breakdown of organic waste materials by a mixed population of micro-organisms (microbes) in warm, moist and aerated environment. The wastes are gathered together into a heap so that the heat that is evolved in the process can be saved. As a result the temperature of the heap rises, thereby speeding up the basic degradation process of nature that normally occurs slowly in organic wastes, which fall on the surface of the ground. The final product of the process is compost or humus that is of value in agriculture for improving the structure and moisture retention properties of the soil and for supplying plant nutrients as compost finally breaks down to mineral matter.
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