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རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་སའི་ཞབས་ཏོག་ལྟེ་བ། སོ་ནམ་ལས་ཁུངས། སོ་ནམ་དང་སྒོ་ནོར་ལྷན་ཁག།

National Soil Services Centre, Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture & Livestock

RNR-logo-Bhutan
Bhutan Government Logo

རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་སའི་ཞབས་ཏོག་ལྟེ་བ། སོ་ནམ་ལས་ཁུངས། སོ་ནམ་དང་སྒོ་ནོར་ལྷན་ཁག།

National Soil Services Centre, Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture & Livestock

Bhutan Government Logo

རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་སའི་ཞབས་ཏོག་ལྟེ་བ།

སོ་ནམ་ལས་ཁུངས། སོ་ནམ་དང་སྒོ་ནོར་ལྷན་ཁག།

National Soil Services Centre

Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture & Livestock

RNR-logo-Bhutan

Soil Survey Program (SSP) 

Soil Survey Program alias Bhutan Soil Survey Project (BSSP) was executed through an inter-governmental agreement between the Royal Government of Bhutan and the Government of Denmark as a stand-alone project in September 1996. Later in December 2006, it was integrated into the Danida funded Environmental & Urban Sector Program Support. The support phased out in December 2006 after which the SSP a.k.a. Soil Survey Unit (SSU) was established.

Its primary aim is to ensure the availability of essential soil information for making informed decisions regarding land use planning, soil conservation, and crop suitability assessments.

The Program is mandated to: –

  • Carry out soil surveys at various scales for various purposes for diverse clients
  • Study the land in the kingdom and compile soil and land suitability maps
  • Develop a National Soil Classification system and, in collaboration with other stakeholders, a system for Land Evaluation to enable the sustainable use of the existing soil and land resources leading to formalized Land Use Planning
  • Develop an integrated Soils Database Management System (DBMS) and a Geographic Information System (GIS) – to collate and manipulate all the collected soils data to allow easy generation of data for proper administration & planning
  • Compile a National Soil Map of Bhutan 
  • Collaborating with international institutes on Bhutanese soil research.

  • Providing technical expertise to the Department of Agriculture for land swapping activities.

Man power

The unit comprises one officer with MSc, two officers with BSc degrees, and five officials with diplomas.

SSP capabilities and Services

SSP boasts a range of capabilities to conduct soil surveys at different levels, depending on observation site density, survey area size, and the intended scale of the final soil map. These capabilities include:

  • Reconnaissance surveys at scales ranging from 1:100,000 to 1:50,000, with an approximate site density of 1/5 km².
  • Semi-detailed surveys conducted at scales between 1:25,000 to 1:10,000, with a site density of about 2–5/km².
  • Detailed surveys carried out at scales from 1:10,000 to 1:5,000, with 1-2 sites/hectare.
  • Very detailed surveys at a suitable scale with a site density of 10-50 sites/hectare.

Additional Services Provided by SSP includes:

  • Land suitability evaluation to assess agronomic potential and specify necessary input levels for optimizing crop yields.
  • Feasibility studies in collaboration with the National Land Commission for resettling farmers from marginal to productive land under the National Rehabilitation Program.
  • Special investigations addressing soil-related issues and recommending mitigating measures, including potential changes in land use.
  • Investigation of Chhuzhing land to provide recommendations based on field findings  for conversion to Kamzhing.
  • Supporting farmers in land management through recommendations for appropriate land use systems, soil fertility improvement, and mitigating measures to combat land degradation.
  • GIS and remote sensing services, generating various maps to aid in decision-making and planning.
 
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